332 Years of Military Occupation

The Roman time in Scotland was a miltary occupation to stop attacks in Roman England. No towns were built and the occupation was to protect the frontier. As in Germany a series of walls were bulit – The Gask Ridge from Dunblane to Perth, The Antonine Wall and Hadrians Wall

AGRICOLA 79 AD

Julius Agricola launched his campaign in the north in the AD 70’s. By both land and sea, it took only seven years for him to take control of much of Scotland. Some forts were built along what would later become the line of the Antonine Wall, while others were constructed along the Gask Ridge in Perthshire.

83AD Julius Agricola invades Northern Scotland

84 AD Battle of Mons Graupius.

88 AD Inchtuthil fortress west of Blairgowrie is abandoned

98 AD Cornelius Tacitus first writes down his account of the Roman invasion.

122 AD Start of the construction of Hadrian’s Wall

ANTONIOUS PIUS 142 AD

Antoninus Pius with permission of Daniel Voshart

Antonine Wall constructed on orders of Antoninus Pius. Cramond Fort Built

165 AD Antonine Wall abandoned four years after the death of Antoninus Pius. Troops return to Hadrians wall.

SEPTIMUS SEVERUS 208 AD

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus launches the last campaign intended to conquer Scotland

211 AD Scotland abandoned again by the Romans after Septimius Severus dies in York.

CONSTANTIUS 305 AD

New Roman campaigns against the Caledonians. Constantius leads a military campaign in Scotland, reaching the end of the land. Constantius dies at York and his son, Constantine, is declared Emperor.

ROMANS LEAVE BRITAIN 411AD

Emperor Honorius withdraws legions.