Legion

The 20th Legion altars found at Auchendavy

In 1771 when the Forth Clyde canal was being built four altars were found intact near the Antonine fort of Auchendavy. The pictures below show the originals now kept in the Hunterian in Glasgow and the sketches drawn when they were found. The altars were all dedicated by Marcus Cocceius Firmus of the 20th Legion between 142 and 180 AD.

To Mars, Minerva, the Goddesses of the Parade-ground, Hercules, Epona, and Victory, Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Mars, Minerva, the Goddesses of the Parade-ground, Hercules, Epona, and Victory, Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta

Epona was the Gaulish Celtic goddess of horses

To the Genius of the Land of Britain Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To the Genius of the Land of Britain Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Diana and Apollo Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Diana and Apollo Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Jupiter, Best and Greatest, and to Victorious Victory for the welfare of our Emperor and the welfare of himself and his family, Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Jupiter, Best and Greatest, and to Victorious Victory for the welfare of our Emperor and the welfare of himself and his family, Marcus Cocceius Firmus, centurion of the Second Legion Augusta
To Silvanus
To Silvanus ( second picture shows top of altar)

Silvanus is the Roman god of the woods.

References

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